Viral pharyngitis is a sore, inflamed throat.
Viral pharyngitis is more common in children and adolescents. Other factors that may increase your chances of viral pharyngitis include:
Viral pharyngitis may cause:
- Sore, red, swollen throat
- Trouble swallowing
- Throat ulcerations
- Swollen, tender lymph nodes in the neck and behind the ears
- Decreased appetite
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Most viral sore throats are diagnosed based on the symptoms and an examination of the throat. Sometimes, the throat will be swabbed to make sure that the sore throat is not caused by a bacterial strep infection.
There are no treatments to cure viral pharyngitis. Most cases of viral pharyngitis resolve on their own within about a week.
Treatments to relieve symptoms include:
Over-the-Counter Pain Medication
Sore throat pain can be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Note: Aspirin can cause serious complications in some children with certain infections. It is best to avoid aspirin or aspirin products for children with infections.
You can relieve symptoms by:
- Gargling with warm salt water can help relieve a sore throat.
- Using throat lozenges.
- Drinking plenty of fluids. Hot drinks and soups or cold fluids can be very soothing for a sore throat.
- Using running a cool-mist humidifier. It can help keep your nasal passages moist and reduce congestion.
To help reduce your chance of viral pharyngitis:
- Practice good hygiene, including careful hand washing.
- Do niot share food or beverages with other people.
- Avoid areas where people are smoking.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 08/2017 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -